News and opinions on situation in Haiti
Rene Preval’s Impossible Mission | Why aren’t the international electoral observers talking, countering the media accounts about the fraud done to Preval and people of Haiti?
– Build strong electoral framework, by Kathie Klarreich |Miami Herald, March 1, 2006
HLLN Note: One of the interesting points in this article worth underlining is: Why aren’t the international electoral observers talking, countering the media accounts about the fraud done to Preval and people of Haiti?
– CLOSING HAITI’S “OPEN VEINS” – RENE PREVAL’S IMPOSSIBLE MISSION – by Stephen Lendman
(See also A Basket to carry water by John Maxwell https://lists.riseup.net/www/arc/ezilidanto/2006-02/msg00025.html )
BY KATHIE KLARREICH email@example.com
The lasting image I have of Election Day in Haiti last month was just after sundown. I was standing outside the hollow shell of a building where 43 tables, or polling stations, were located. Poll workers who had been on site for more than 14 hours were huddled around a single candle per table, the only light available for the polling booth president to read the ballot, pass it around to political party observers for confirmation and then have the secretary record the vote on a master tally sheet. I left before the last vote was counted, bleary-eyed and discouraged that after so many years, so many elections, so many battles to get to this celebratory day of democracy, this was the best that Haitians were going to get.
Election a disgrace
While I admit that it’s hard to build an electoral framework without an infrastructure, this was the fourth presidential election I’ve witnessed in the last 18 years, and I know I am not setting the bar too high by saying that it was a disgrace.
The entire procedure, from the ill-conceived voting booths to the dismal tabulation process was an insult to the Haitian people. It’s hard to understand how, with a $75 million budget covered by the international community, a bloated electoral calendar that included four postponements over three months and well-paid — if not over-paid — international experts from the United Nations and the Organization of American States, there could have been so much mayhem and magouy — a catchall Creole word that means corruption, deceit and swindling.
Which begs the questions: Why? And then what, if anything, can be done to rectify the problem for the 129 parliamentary seats and numerous local spots yet to be determined? Although the runoffs were originally set for March 19, they have already been postponed. Unfortunately, the delay appears to be related to technical tally difficulties and the flight of the Provisional Electoral Council president rather than an aptly concentrated effort to identify and correct the massive fraud that took place in the first round.
What went wrong?
If I were a conspiracy theorist, I would say that this is part of a master plan by the international community to undermine President-elect René Préval, who can’t govern until he has a prime minister, chosen in conjunction with the parliament. Préval’s previous record as president has the international community concerned that he will either realign himself with ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, or govern as an independent, truly democratic leader with an unprecedented popular mandate.
With no investigation into all that went wrong with the first round of voting, and because there will be far less attention paid to these upcoming elections now that the presidency has been decided, there will be an even greater chance for irregularity. Voters will trek long distances, confront incomplete registration lists and then cast their vote without knowing if it will be counted because poll workers with political agendas know precisely how much they were able to get away with already. Tinkering with tally sheets, allowing voters to cast multiple ballots and stuffing the ballot box will, in some places — particularly those in the hard to reach areas in the countryside — be the norm, rather than the exception.
Expose the problems
There were more than a thousand national observers and three international observation teams for Haiti’s first round. These groups have been shamefully silent. Sending internal memos and holding backroom discussions on electoral discrepancies with foreign diplomats and Haitian officials without demanding changes or exposing the problems and their sources to the press serves only to massage their egos and pad their pockets. It does nothing to advance the democratic process in Haiti. If this is the best that they can do, they should stay home.
It doesn’t have to be this way. We have to demand that our dollars are put to better use, propping up Haitian institutions that will hold the Haitian state accountable. We need to be selective but generous in supporting specific grass-roots groups, some of which trained local observers who did their best to try to ensure fraud-free elections. The vast majority of the 37,000 poll workers and nearly 2.1 million who voted want, and deserve, at least that much.
Kathie Klarreich is a freelance journalist and author of Madame Dread: A Tale of Love, Vodou and Civil Strife in Haiti.
CLOSING HAITI’S “OPEN VEINS” – RENE PREVAL’S IMPOSSIBLE MISSION – by Stephen Lendman
On February 7, 2006 (and with due homage to the great Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano) the people of Haiti were not to be denied. Few people anywhere have endured more oppression and human misery or for a longer period of time (with all too few periods of relief). In spite of an election process orchestrated, controlled and shamelessly rigged by an interim puppet government (the IGH) and an oppressive occupying force (UN Blue Helmets supposedly there to maintain order and protect them), they overcame overwhelming obstacles and elected Rene Preval for the second time as their President (his first time in office was from 1996 – 2000). It’s no secret that the real power calling the shots in Haiti is not in Port-au-Prince. It’s in Washington making policy, giving orders and letting its approved proxies do its bidding, which has been bloody and brutal since US Marines, in the dead of night, kidnapped and deposed democratically elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide at gunpoint in February, 2004.
In a normal country with a tradition of stability and democracy (or any one for that matter) the election of the peoples’ choice would be a cause for celebration. Indeed for the first time in the past 2 years the Haitian people are celebrating and hope finally for an end to the nightmare they’ve been through. But nothing is ever simple in Haiti, a country that for over 500 years has had very few periods of stability free from the oppressive heel of a foreign occupier or repressive dictatorship. They never had a real democracy until the election of Jean-Bertand Aristide in 1991. Two US led, directed or authorized coups later (both against President Aristide), they have one again at least in the office of president. But do they really have good reason to rejoice?
Before continuing I must point out that until February 7 Jean-Bertand Aristide was still Haiti’s democratically elected President. It’s a valid argument to say he’s entitled to remain so for the remainder of the time he lost, but he graciously never requested it and now calls Rene Preval “my President.” The benighted Haitian people loved Aristide, called him their President and want and expect him to return. They now have every reason to feel the oddest combination of joy and fear as they await future events to unfold without knowing what to expect.
From behind the scenes, the Washington Chimeres, led by the Haiti Democracy Project (HDP), that is umbilically linked to the US State Department, and its former member and now acting US ambassador Timothy Carney are already sharpening their long knives and beginning their demonization and destabilization campaign to undermine the Preval administration even before it begins. They hope to render it stillborn or at least so falsely tarnished and weakened by a torrent of propaganda it will be unable to function effectively. And if doesn’t, they’ll blame it on him.
HDP works in conjunction with the so-called Democratic Convergence (DC) of about 200 Haitian political organizations. The DC, in turn, works cooperatively with The Group of 184 Civil Society Organizations (including Haiti’s business elites) headed by Haiti’s leading industrialist and sweatshop owner, Andy Apaid. These organizations are funded by the notorious US National Endowment of Democracy (NED), the International Republican Institute (IRI – an arm of NED) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID). These federally funded US organizations function to serve US interests in other countries. They’re an arm of US foreign policy in those states not firmly established as reliable “clients” or “at risk” of ending that status. It’s their job to support US-friendly regimes and try to undermine those that are not – like Lavalas, Aristide and Preval in Haiti.
It was a wonder Preval got to run at all or was even allowed to, as in the last 2 years the UN Blue Helmets (MINUSTAH) and brutal Haitian National Police (PNH) conducted a systematic reign of terror against the Lavalas party and everyone associated with it. They either murdered, imprisoned or forced into exile or hiding its members, effectively destroying it. There were some who believed that since Rene Preval escaped this fate, it meant he’d been co-opted and convinced to desert his former party and allies and join with those in the interim ruling junta. That suspicion (unproven, of course, and hopefully untrue) only grew as the most beloved and popular man still in Haiti, Father Gerard Jean-Juste, was falsely imprisoned without charge to prevent his inclusion in the election as the candidate the people most wanted. Father “Gerry”, as he’s affectionately known, did not run and while incarcerated was diagnosed with serious but still treatable leukemia, finally released after a long campaign on his behalf, and is now receiving medical care in Florida.
THE DISINFORMATION BEGINS WITH THE USUAL COMPLICITY OF THE CORPORATE MEDIA
We’re only in the early stages of the US controlled anti-Preval campaign, but it’s easy to know where it’s going. It’s already getting loud and vicious and is being echoed throughout the complicit corporate media.
President Aristide endured a torrent of hate and vitriol during both his 2 terms as President because he dared to deviate from the US script that demanded his full obedience to its dictates. Aristide had more noble ideas. He was determined as best he could to help the 80% or more desperately poor and disadvantaged Haitians try to improve their lives. Because of this he was labeled the “fiery slum priest”, a demonic and despotic one and much more. None of it was true, and despite all the US imposed obstacles and hostility he faced, Aristide sought to serve the interests of his people rather than those of his dominant northern neighbor. He did a splendid job of it with limited resources, which I documented in an earlier article.
But that policy by any nation in the Global South is always unacceptable to the US, the giant transnational corporations whose interests it serves, and in Haiti, its elite junior business partners. Their plan is to return this nation of 8.5 million people, the poorest in the Americas, to its pre-Aristide status of virtual serfdom and a de facto US colony permanently. And so far they’ve done it by turning the country into a killing field. But now with a new president who once before worked for the people, ordinary Haitians hope their nightmare will end, order will be restored along with their Lavalas instituted social gains that were ended after the 2004 coup, and they can get on with their lives.
The US iron grip over the country’s politics will do everything possible to prevent that normalcy from ever returning to Haiti. And the US corporate media is playing its business as usual part to help guarantee it. It’s unleashed a storm of anti-Preval propaganda, disinformation and demonization in the aftermath of the February 7 election. It began by playing the old game of “blame the victim.” Although the US and its obedient proxies shamelessly controlled and rigged the election and still failed to have it come out their way, they’re blaming Preval for the flawed process and electoral fraud. Neither he, any Lavalas remnants or ordinary poor Haitians had anything to do with burning ballots, hiding them, destroying tally sheets or stuffing ballot boxes with blank ballots. Nor did they decide to reduce the number of polling stations from 12,000 in 2000 to about 800 or less this year. And the ones they eliminated were where the majority of poor Haitians lived in rural areas as well as urban Aristide/Preval strongholds like Cite Soleil where they had NONE AT ALL.
SOME CHOICE EXAMPLES OF HOW THE CORPORATE MEDIA REPORTS THE NEWS
The inglorious New York Times always is the lead “attack dog”, and they began the assault by accusing Preval of causing “the devastating hostilities between the rich and the poor” and that he had to repair it. The NYT went on to challenge Preval reporting that “he…faces questions about the legitimacy of the back-room deal brokered by foreign diplomats that ended the possibility of a runoff and made him the victor…” The Times failed to report that Aristide was reelected President in 2000 with 92% of the vote, and Rene Preval was elected President in 1996 with 88% of the vote. If anything close to a fair election had been held in February, Preval again would have easily won by an overwhelming landslide. Of course, the US knew that and had to assure it didn’t happen.
The far right, one-sided, corporate America uber alles, often hate-spewing editorial page of the Wall Street Journal added their own special flavor of vitriol to the mix when they wrote about “armed gangs” and that “The pro-Aristide gangs began ginning up violence when it became apparent that Mr. Preval might not be installed without a run-off election.” It hardly mattered to their editorial writer (the news sections of the paper are far more balanced and often credible) that their statement was false and reckless, and they knew it. They had to know as there wasn’t a shred of evidence of any violence by Haiti’s poor even by the 5,000 who went to the Montana hotel, swam in its pool, behaved peacefully and then left after making their point. Archbishop Desmond Tutu was a guest at the hotel, saw what happened and said not one item was broken or stolen – pretty remarkable for a crowd of that size that had every reason to be very angry.
The Los Angeles Times was about as brazen quoting Lionel Delatour, a board member of the US connected Haiti Democracy Project and the notorious Group of 184 Civil Society Organizations complicit in the 2004 coup, threatening Preval with his comment that “If he does try to bring Aristide back, Preval will NOT FINISH his presidency.” The LA Times never reported that Haitian law guarantees the right of all its citizens to travel or live abroad and freely return to the country. It also failed to report that international law and major human rights instruments including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Fourth Geneva Convention, the Hague Convention and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights all affirm the right of return.
More anti-Preval abuse was piled on by the Miami Herald that quoted Jacques Bernard, illegally appointed Executive Director (Haitian law recognizes no such position) of the Provisional Electoral Council or CEP by US appointed puppet interim Prime Minister Gerard Latortue, saying “the president elect and others manipulated ballot counting changes.” The story never explained that the CEP was in charge of vote counting and while it was ongoing Preval was in Marmalade at his mountain home and had nothing to do with it or with the “tensions” that caused the Haitian people to take to the streets (peacefully) and demand their votes be counted by the CEP and not be thrown out at the CEP Tabulation Center in Port-au-Prince or put in the nearest dump site.
Even some in the so-called progressive media have lost their bearings and have now become as corrupted as the corporate media on some crucial issues. Witness the venerable Nation Magazine, the oldest continuously published magazine in the country which first came out in 1865, the year the Civil War ended. They were wrong and failed their readers when they supported the Afghan war after 9/11, and several of their regulars supported the Iraq war at least up to the time it began. They also ran a repugnant racist full page ad in their January 9/16, 2006 issue entitled “Arabian Fables” which outrageously implied Palestinians are prone to violence and deception, and there can be no peaceful, diplomatic resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In response to volumes of justifiable complaints, The Nation replied with an unacceptable weak-kneed op-ed piece claiming political advertising was protected by the First Amendment.
Now The Nation is at it again, this time on the Haiti election and its aftermath. In their March 13 issue, in an article entitled The Fight for Haiti, author Kathie Klarreich writes about an “enigmatic” nation. “Guns had gone underground, kidnappings had stopped and Port-au-Prince streets that had resembled target practice became accessible…” I know much about Haitian history up to the present and find nothing about it “enigmatic”, and her implication from the above quote is that the Haitian people had the guns and used them for target practice – a classic example of blame the victim journalism when the Haitian people themselves were the frequent targets and still are.
The writing that follows is full of disgraceful innuendo, omissions of truth or outright lies – so many space won’t allow to list them all. But I’ll settle for the writer’s failure to acknowledge the coup ousting Aristide in 2004, ignoring the flagrant CEP electoral rigging and vote counting fraud and then stating Preval was declared the winner by a “technical decision”…reigniting the celebratory pumping and gyrating.” Is she implying the people are animals and acted as such? She also outrageously claimed Aristide although “wildly popular” is also “feared and despised.” By whom outside the Haitian elite? Is the writer unaware he was reelected in 2000 with 92% of the vote in a fair election? She then claims it’s up to Rene Preval to heal the breach he never opened and “negotiate a detente with an actively hostile opposition, a wary international community and armed supporters…and demonstrate that he is no longer Aristide’s twin” (read: abandon the people who elected him and surrender to the demands of the Haitian elite, the international lending agencies and their dominant neighbor from el norte).
There were many other delicious corporate media gems by other publications including those saying Preval’s victory is compromised by his connection to the people of Haiti, Lavalas, Aristide, and that he champions the poor. Imagine the “audacity” of an elected president caring about the most desperate and disadvantaged people in his country. And it takes a leap of chutzpah for an AP reporter to write that “Opponents of Haiti’s president-elect could use the country’s disputed election result to try and weaken his government if he doesn’t perform” (read: serve the interests of US and Haitian business elites and, of course, the dictates of the IMF and World Bank and not the people who elected him).
None of these accounts even hinted there’d been a 2004 coup, 7,000 democratically elected and appointed officials were forcibly removed from office, 10,000 Haitians were murdered by the combined forces of all US proxies (including UN Blue Helmets), 1,000 were imprisoned and are still in jail as political prisoners for the crime of freedom-fighting, 100,000 became internal refugees and 20,000 more went into exile while countless others tried to flee by sea but drowned in the attempt, Cite Soleil and Bel Air were turned into West Bank or Gaza type open air prisons, other prisons with walls and bars were established to house Haiti’s poor, and the brutal and hated Haitian military was partly and unofficially reconstituted and given 10 years back pay while their victims suffer, starve and are denied any justice. They also never reported that after the 2004 coup the US puppet government looted the Presidential Palace, burned museums, shut down radio and TV stations and terrorized the whole country. I guess they thought all of the above was of no consequence.
Even at this early stage there’s almost no limit to the volume of anti-Preval rhetoric from the dominant and hostile US corporate media. But I’ve saved the best (in my judgment) for last. It’s the case of Amelia Shaw, the Voice of America (VOA) propagandist now on the payroll and posing or assigned new duties as a “reporter” for National Public Radio (NPR). She also does double duty for the “venerable” BBC. Anyone with some knowledge of what’s really happening in Haiti will have a hard time keeping down their breakfast listening to her reports. They ooze with a stream of deliberate and malicious lies and deceit from so-called “public” radio. NPR is nothing of the sort, of course, as they long ago abandoned us, the public, to become just another voice as a member in good standing in the corporate media. And they’ve got the big bucks corporate funding to prove it. Their current president and CEO Kevin Close, in fact, is the former director of US international broadcasting in Europe and former president of Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe and coordinated programming for them along with the VOA. In other words, he was head of US propaganda in Europe making him an ideal choice for a comparable job at NPR.
Amelia’s work is little more than a series of diatribes against President Aristide, Lavalas and past and now President-elect Rene Preval. In recent reports she falsely claimed Aristide as President ordered hired assassins to murder Preval’s sister (the attempt failed). And in another report she made the most breathtaking comment that the people of Haiti yearned for the days of Duvalier rule. The Duvaliers (”Papa Doc” and “Baby Doc”) ruled the country as a reviled and hated brutal dictatorship. The people of Haiti rejoiced when their reign of terror finally ended. It’s hard to believe even NPR would allow such “rot” on their airwaves when under Duvalier rule over 30 bloodstained years as many as 60,000 Haitians were murdered by the state. No one knows for sure the exact number, except maybe those still around associated with the killers. “Papa Doc” was once a practicing physician, but apparently he never learned or took seriously the implied message from the sacred Hippocratic Oath to do no harm.
RENE PREVAL’S IMPOSSIBLE MISSION
Governing Haiti under the best of conditions would be a task to challenge the patience of Job, require the wisdom of Solomon and have the luck of a “riverboat gambler” on his best day. But the way things are now as Rene Preval prepares to do it, he may be lucky just to stay alive and keep his sanity and blood pressure under control. On day one in office he will be virtually alone trying to govern a country still run by criminals under the aegis and with full support of the US. The Haitian peoples’ leaders and advocates are in exile, prison or are dead, the country is in desperate need of development, and at least 80% of the people are in an even more desperate state but hoping Rene will be their savior. Those people need everything including food for their next meal.
The knowledgeable, thoughtful and keen observer of events in Haiti for many years, John Maxwell, wrote just before the 2004 coup how abused this small country (3 times the size of Los Angeles) and its people have been for so many years. Referring only to the 20th century (he might have included 4 others) he wrote: “The…story of Haiti is one of economic and social strip-mining, of rapacious exploitation on a scale that is almost incomprehensible (the crime of genocide in slow motion)…Haiti is an international crime scene…For decades Haitians have been driven abroad for some sort of dignity, livelihood and an end to suffering. The brightest, including journalists, have been murdered or are in voluntary or involuntary exile…Haiti is a war zone, where the rich (from the US and Haiti) have scorched the earth so thoroughly…” Powerful words, all true and all ignored by the corporate media.
Maxwell and others like dedicated lawyer Marguerite Laurent, Esq. (founder and chair of the Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network – HLLN, dedicated to promoting Haitian civil, human and cultural rights) have now observed that today little has changed since the above comments were written. Maxwell equates Preval’s task to be like trying to carry water in a basket. So well said. I titled this article Preval’s impossible mission. The US and Haitian power elite are still there and in control and have no intention of ending their rapacious policies and trying to help the Haitian people as Aristide and Preval both did during their previous tenures. Also, Prime Minister Yvon Neptune is still in jail where at times during his incarceration he’s been close to death from a hunger strike. This writer has no information on his current condition or any possible change in his status. Rene Preval’s first order of business – on his first day in office – should be to free him and all the other political prisoners.
COPING WITH THE IMF AND WORLD BANK
The IMF and World Bank are always at the head of the queue in demanding developing states adhere to their neoliberal structural adjustment policies of privatizations, debt servicing and cuts in vital and desperately needed social services. Rene Preval knows the message but is no doubt hearing it again even more forcefully as he prepares to assume office. It remains to be seen how he’ll respond, but it’s easy to know what will happen if he doesn’t. Haiti is in critical need of funding for programs to help its 80% or more desperately poor, but it won’t get it from either of these international lending agencies or all the others the US controls. What he’ll do and how he’ll cope will likely decide his fate. The US and IMF and World Bank they control don’t take “no” for an answer. But what’s the worse choice – going along with them and allowing the extreme suffering and deprivation of Haiti’s poor to get even worse or rejecting them and facing the likelihood of another coup which is certainly already planned if Preval won’t play ball.
Under these conditions, who would trade places with this man who now has the most challenging and unenviable of tasks I know – to govern his people as President surrounded by the most powerful and hostile forces out to do him in unless he surrenders to their will. I doubt very many are that courageous if they intended to serve their people and defy the dictates of a ruthless “Godfather” that never tolerates disobedience. The long knives are razor sharpened, poised and at the ready in Washington and Haiti and Rene has few if any allies to turn to. But about 7 million desperately poor Haitians are armed with hope and faith in this man to deliver them out of the maws and bowels of hell just like the Book of Exodus tells us Moses tried to lead the Jews to the promised land. Moses never made it there. Will Rene Preval have better luck? We should all hope he will.
Letter to the New York Times from Hazel Ross-Robinson https://lists.riseup.net/www/arc/ezilidanto/2006-02/msg00028.html
Why we cannot forget the past by Harry Comeau, A letter to Washington, Ottowa, Paris and international media from a Haitian man https://lists.riseup.net/www/arc/ezilidanto/2006-03/msg00000.html